Question: I wish to open a health savings account with $5500 from a retirement fund. If I use pretax funds (which are fully tax deductible), must I report this as income to Covered CA, because if I must, then I would most certainly exceed the threshold for a subsidy. My actual question is this: Would I have to repay the entire subsidy for the year or only from the point at which my income exceeded the threshold (that is, December 2015, the month I intend to open the HSA)?
Answer: Your plan won't fly. You can only open a health savings account (HSA) if you have a HSA qualified high-deductible health plan. That would be a Covered California plan labeled "Bronze 60 HSA". If you do not already have such a plan, you will not be able to change for one until 1/1/16. Secondly, if you take a $5,500 withdrawal from a qualified retirement account, the income will be reflected in your AGI and, whether or not you report it to Covered California, the IRS will adjust your tax due to reflect the added income and some of your premium tax credits will have to be repaid. If your AGI is above the subsidy threshold (400% FPL), then you would repay all of the subsidy you received.